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Step-by-step_Installation_Guide_RAC_12cR1_on_Linux(from redhat)
560
75页
3次
2019-09-23
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1
STEP BY STEP INSTALLA TION
OF
ORACLE RAC 12cR1 (12.1.0.2)
ON LINUX X86-64
Oracle Global Customer Support - RAC / Scalability
Copyright © 1993, 201 4, Oracle and/or it s affiliates. All ri ghts reserved
2
Contents
1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Server Hardware Checklist ........................................... 3
1.1.1 Server Hardware Checklist for Oracle Grid Infrastructure ................................................. 3
1.1.2 Environment Configuration for Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC ..................... 3
1.1.3 Network Configuration Tasks for Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC ................... 4
1.1.4 Oracle Grid Infrastructure Storage Configuration Checks ................................................. 5
1. 2 Configuring Servers for Oracle Grid Infrastructure and Oracle RAC .......................................... 6
1.2.1 Checking Server Hardware and Memory Configuration .................................................... 6
1.2.2 Server Storage Minimum Requirements ........................................................................... 7
1.2.3 64-bit System Memory Requirements ............................................................................... 7
1.3 Operating System Requirements for x86-64 Linux Platforms ................................................... 7
1.3.1 Supported Oracle Linux 7 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Distributions for x86-64 ......... 8
1.3.2 Supported Oracle Linux 6 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Distributions for x86-64 ......... 9
1.3.3 Supported Oracle Linux 5 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 Distributions for x86-64 ....... 10
2. Prepare the cluster nodes for Oracle RAC ....................................................................................... 12
2.1. User Accounts ............................................................................................................................... 12
2.2 Networking ............................................................................................................................... 12
2.3. Synchronizing the Time on ALL Nodes .......................................................................................... 14
2.4 Installing the Oracle Preinstallation RPM with ULN support ................................................... 14
2.5 Configuring Kernel Parameters ................................................................................................ 15
2.6 Set shell limits for the oracle user ............................................................................................ 16
2.7 Create the Oracle Inventory Directory ..................................................................................... 17
2.7. Creating the Oracle Grid Infrastructure Home Directory ............................................................. 17
2.8. Creating the Oracle Base Directory ............................................................................................... 17
2.9. Creating the Oracle RDBMS Home Directory ................................................................................ 17
2.10. Stage the Oracle Software .......................................................................................................... 17
3. Prepare the shared storage for Oracle RAC ......................................................................................... 18
3.1. Shared Storage .............................................................................................................................. 18
3.1.1. Partition the Shared Disks ...................................................................................................... 18
3.1.2. Installing and Configuring ASMLib ......................................................................................... 19
3.1.3. Using ASMLib to Mark the Shared Disks as Candidate Disks ................................................. 20
3.2 Setting Disk I/O Scheduler on Linux ......................................................................................... 21
4. Oracle Grid Infrastructure Install ..................................................................................................... 22
5. RDBMS Software Install ................................................................................................................... 45
6. ASMCA to create Diskgroups ........................................................................................................... 57
7. Run DBCA to create the database .................................................................................................... 60
8. Applying Latest PSUs to GRID & RDBMS Homes .............................................................................. 74
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